19 Years Focus on OEM & ODM of Solar Charge Controllers and Off-grid Solar Energy System

Language
Blog
VR

# How to calculate the battery capacity of a 10 kW photovoltaic power generation system?? | Demuda

In photovoltaic power generation systems, the correct selection of battery capacity is crucial. This article will introduce how to calculate and select the battery capacity suitable for your 10 kW photovoltaic power generation system. Let's take a look at the considerations from electricity load to daily electricity consumption.

2023/08/18

The capacity of the battery required for a 10 kW photovoltaic (PV) system depends on the system's electrical load and daily electricity consumption. Here are two examples with specific battery capacity choices:

If the electrical load of a 10 kW PV system is 10 kW and the daily electricity consumption is 20 kWh, a battery with a capacity of 60 kWh is needed to store the solar energy generated.

Calculation process:

1. Assuming 8 hours of sunlight per day, the theoretical PV generation is 10 kW × 8 hours = 80 kWh.

2. Taking into account PV generation efficiency, controller, and charging efficiency, with a composite efficiency of 0.8 × 0.7 = 0.56.

3. The actual usable capacity required is 80 kWh × 0.56 = 44.8 kWh.

4. Assuming the use of 12V lead-acid batteries with a capacity of 100 Ah, the number of batteries required is calculated as 44.8 kWh / 100 Ah ≈ 448 batteries.

Example 2:

If the electrical load of a 10 kW PV system is 20 kW and the daily electricity consumption is 30 kWh, a battery with a capacity of 90 kWh is needed to store the solar energy generated.

Calculation process:

1. Assuming 8 hours of sunlight per day, the theoretical PV generation is 10 kW × 8 hours = 80 kWh.

2. Taking into account PV generation efficiency, controller, and charging efficiency, with a composite efficiency of 0.8 × 0.7 = 0.56.

3. The actual usable capacity required is 80 kWh × 0.56 = 44.8 kWh.

4. Assuming the use of 12V lead-acid batteries with a capacity of 100 Ah, the number of batteries required is calculated as 44.8 kWh / 100 Ah ≈ 448 batteries.

It's important to note that when selecting a battery for a PV system, other factors such as battery type and cost should also be considered. Common types of batteries include lead-acid batteries, lithium-ion batteries, and sodium-calcium-zinc batteries.

Not all PV systems require battery storage. If your system does not require energy storage, you can directly feed the generated electricity into the grid.

If you would like to learn more about how to calculate battery capacity, we can provide you with some simple calculation methods. Firstly, calculate the theoretical PV generation based on the daily sunlight hours (e.g., assuming 8 hours). Then, consider PV generation efficiency, controller, and charging efficiency to determine the actual generation. Finally, calculate the required battery capacity based on the actual demand to ensure the proper functioning of the system.

In summary, the appropriate battery capacity is essential for a 10 kW PV system to store solar energy. Depending on the electrical load and daily electricity consumption, you can choose the suitable battery capacity. Lead-acid batteries, lithium-ion batteries, and sodium-calcium-zinc batteries are commonly used types. Additionally, PV systems can also operate without batteries by directly feeding electricity into the grid. Calculating battery capacity involves estimating the required capacity based on factors such as daily sunlight hours, PV generation efficiency, and actual demand. By considering these factors, you can select the appropriate battery capacity to ensure the smooth operation of your PV system.

Basic Information
• Year Established
--
--
• Country / Region
--
• Main Industry
--
• Main Products
--
• Enterprise Legal Person
--
• Total Employees
--
• Annual Output Value
--
• Export Market
--
• Cooperated Customers
-- If You Have More Questions, Write To Us

Just leave your email or phone number on the contact form so we can provide you with more services!

Recommended

They are all manufactured according to the strictest international standards. Our products have received favor from both domestic and foreign markets.
They are now widely exporting to 500 countries.